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[189] of Wallace and McClernand, and was under command of the latter. Grant had been deprived of all effective directions by having been appointed second in command of the whole army. Whether Halleck doubted his capacity, or was desirous in the event of a reverse to shift a portion of the responsibility upon this modest and hard-working man, he had placed Grant in a position which was equally odd and false; retaining nominally a certain authority over his old lieutenants, invested with the title of commander of the military district of Tennessee, he was, in reality, reduced by the jealousy of his chief to the position of bureau clerk, making summaries of reports and signing leaves of absence for sick soldiers.

On the 1st of May, three weeks after the battle of Shiloh, Halleck started at last with this large army to go in quest of Beauregard at Corinth. The day before, Wallace's division, which had been despatched in a north-westerly direction, had cut the line of the Mobile and Ohio Railway at Purdy. It had thus isolated Corinth from the peninsula comprised between the Tennessee and the Mississippi, in which the Confederates, although no regular troops were stationed there, kept up numerous relations, and whence they could derive considerable resources.

On the 1st of May the town of Monterey was occupied by the Federals, and Beauregard, having been apprised of the fact, was preparing to receive them. This time he waited for them inside his works, and did not even make any serious effort to defend the approaches. If the Confederate army was then more numerous than it had been at Shiloh, everybody felt that the fiery spirit of Sidney Johnston was no longer there to inspire them. The methodical mind of the officer of engineers had succeeded the commander of the Utah expedition and chief of Texan partisans.

Indeed, from the first, Beauregard allowed Halleck to seize the important position of Farmington almost without a shot. It was occupied by Marmaduke, with a force of about four thousand five hundred men. Whether it was that he had not expected the enemy so soon, or that he did not attach great importance to this position, the Confederate general had failed to reinforce his lieutenant, and the latter had retired on the 3d of May, after an insignificant defence. Master of Farmington, where he stationed a

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