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[197] corps in the neighborhood of Baldwin, only fifty kilometres from Corinth; here he remained until the 7th.

Pope, reinforced by one of Buell's divisions, started at last in search of the Confederate general in this new position. After encountering some difficulties, he crossed the Tuscumbia and the marshes which border that river; but he was taken ill, and was obliged to transfer the command to Rosecrans and retire to his own camp. While he was lying there, a report was suddenly circulated that he had achieved an important success; in fact, on the 4th of June, General Halleck, in a despatch addressed to the Secretary of War, which was soon communicated to all the newspapers, announced that Pope, at the head of forty thousand men, was within fifty kilometres of Corinth, vigorously driving the enemy before him, and that he had already taken ten thousand prisoners or deserters, with fifteen thousand muskets. The public rejoicings in the Northern States were of short duration; for this news was soon formally contradicted, both through letters received from the Federal army and by the declarations of Confederate generals. Halleck was silent, and Pope imitated his silence, despite the attacks of which he was the object. Yet incredible as it may appear, although it is a positive fact, this strange despatch was entirely fabricated by Halleck. Compelled, as we shall presently be, to expose the errors committed by Pope in the command of the army of Virginia, we are glad to have it in our power to clear him of an unmerited accusation, and to relate a fact which reflects honor upon his character. Being ill in his tent, six kilometres only from Halleck's headquarters, he had forwarded to the latter by telegraph a detailed account of the movements of his subordinates, ending with the remark that the woods were full of stragglers, probably ten thousand, and that they would eventually be picked up. Turning this hope into a fact, Halleck had hastened to draw up the despatch we have mentioned, declaring at its close that the results obtained were all he could have wished. During the entire period of the war, Pope never suffered a bitter word to escape him, nor a single complaint against his superior, who had taken such a liberty with his name. He waited for the pacification of the South to ask him for an explanation, which the latter refused under the most frivolous

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