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[209] found that it would be impossible for him to capture this position with the means which were at his disposal at the end of May. We have said that when Bragg took up his march for Chattanooga, Van Dorn, who had been invested with a new independent command, was charged with defending both banks of the Mississippi with his troops and those of Price. He immediately repaired to Vicksburg in person with Breckenridge's division, completed and multiplied the defences of the place, and collected there a powerful artillery.

The Federals, on the other side, were extremely slow in preparing to assume the offensive. Halleck had so thoroughly partitioned his army that he had not even a few thousand men to spare as landing-parties with Davis' fleet. Although Farragut's resources were infinitely more restricted, it was upon him alone that the entire task of the attack upon Vicksburg was to fall. After the capture of New Orleans, Porter's division of mortarboats had returned to Pensacola; he recalled it. All the vessels he could dispose of went up the river, while the transports landed below Vicksburg a small body of troops detached by Butler from the garrison of New Orleans, and placed under the command of General Williams. The difficulty in managing the mortar-boats and the transports, and in obtaining supplies for the fleet, delayed the time when Farragut saw all his forces united below Vicksburg, on the 27th of June.

His fleet consisted of five sloops-of-war, the Hartford, bearing the commodore's pennant, the Iroquois, the Oneida, the Richmond and the Brooklyn; six gun-boats, the Kennebeck, the Katahdin, the Wissahickon, the Scioto, the Pinola and the Pinola, forming the first division; six other gun-boats, the Octorara, the Westfield, the Clifton, the Jackson, the Harriet Lane and the Owasco, which, with sixteen mortar-boats, constituted the second division, under David Porter; Williams' division of infantry, about three thousand strong, was on board. The latter was evidently too weak to attempt any demonstration against the works of Vicksburg, whose garrison numbered eight or ten thousand men; it could only protect the depots of the fleet against a surprise.

On the evening of the 27th, everything was ready for an attack. While the second division was to cover the Confederate

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