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 heavy draught, he did not dare to venture farther into the interior, and returned to the Bay of St. Simon, a central position, whence he could easily command the whole coast of Georgia. In the mean time, Dupont had extended his conquests south of Florida; two light divisions were directed, one under the orders of Lieutenant Stevens, toward the great channel called Saint John's River; the other, commanded by Dupont in person, to the Bay of St. Augustine. The former, consisting of six light steamers, after having shown itself in the Bay of Nassau, entered St. John's River on the 9th of March. Dupont left it at the entrance of this difficult bay, taking with him the second division, which comprised, besides the sloop Wabash, his largest gun-boats, and on the 11th made his appearance in the Bay of St. Augustine. The Confederate garrison had fled in great haste, but the inhabitants of this small town had not abandoned it. They themselves delivered into Dupont's hands Fort Marion, a permanent work of masonry formerly built like Fort Clinch by the Federal government, which the raw militia of Florida had never dreamed for an instant of defending. Dupont took possession of it on the 12th of March, and found five pieces of cannon there. On the same day Stevens occupied the large village of Jacksonville with as little trouble. He had been detained till the 11th before the bar, which three of his gun-boats found it very difficult to cross. On the morning of the 12th, he ascended St. John's River, through which the waters of the sea penetrate to the centre of the Florida peninsula. The Confederate authorities had fled, after setting fire to the large workshops and fine saw-mills, the owners of which were for the most part Northern men, but the inhabitants did not exhibit the same hostile feeling toward the Federal sailors as those of Georgia; the doctrine of States' rights had not penetrated into this old Spanish colony; slavery had not been developed, and the troops which landed took possession of Jacksonville in the midst of a perfectly indifferent population. Finally, by the occupation of the Mosquito Inlet passes, Dupont completed the work of closing the Confederate coast to the contraband trade which had been carried on with the English colony of the Bahamas. He proceeded in person to those passes with several ships; but a detachment of Federal sailors, having penetrated
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