This text is part of:
Table of Contents:
 and a detachment of sappers and miners. Gillmore, who had been appointed brigadier-general, stimulated by his example and confidence the ardor of all around him. About this time the importance of the operations of which this coast was the theatre determined the President to make it an independent department. He placed it in charge of General Hunter, a meritorious officer, cool and resolute, who had the reputation of possessing great good sense and experience, and whom we have already seen at work in Missouri. General Benham proceeded to Tybee to assume command of the troops assembled there, and all those stationed south of the Savannah River; General Viele, who was placed under him, continued to direct the special operations on the left bank of the river. Hunter arrived at Tybee soon after his appointment. It was now the beginning of April, and by the 8th of that month the works were entirely completed. Eleven batteries, constructed of sand, gabions and dry mud, were erected on the beach, those nearest to the fort facing north-east and the others nearly due east. A canal, called Lazaretto Creek, which empties into the river near the point where the first batteries stood, covered them against any attack that might be made by the Confederates, coming down the right bank. But the latter might have tried to overthrow them by directing against them the fire of the heavy guns of Fort Pulaski; although they were as well masked as was practicable, it is difficult to believe that the small garrison and its brave commander, Colonel Olmstead, had not perceived them. It is to be supposed, therefore, that he was anxious to spare his ammunition, and that he looked upon the sixteen hundred yards which separated him from the assailants as an ample guarantee of his safety. Many persons among the Federals participated in this opinion; and although Gillmore relied chiefly upon his rifled guns, which he had posted as near the fort as possible, to produce really destructive effects, he had deemed it necessary to support their fire by that of numerous mortars, and a few of those large smoothbore shell-guns constructed for the navy, and called columbiads. The following was the armament of his batteries, beginning at the east with the one most remote from the fort: the first, at three
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.
An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.