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 too great, and the batteries he had constructed nearer, on Long Island and Turtle Island, could not be armed, as they were only to be approached by water, at the risk of being sunk in the passage by the enemy's guns. It was on the 10th that the Federals were able to convey some cannon to the place under cover of the bombardment. On the morning of the 11th, the wind was blowing so hard as to affect the course of the projectiles; and when the Federal officers reopened fire about seven o'clock, they anxiously asked each other what the result would be. But the James guns soon gave proof of their power and precision; the breach began to widen around one of the embrasures; at ten o'clock the arches of the casemate were uncovered, and the two adjoining embrasures were in a crumbling condition. The large columbiads co-operated in shattering the masonry, which had been riddled by the conical projectiles; the entire wall which masked the casemates in front of the three embrasures tumbled down at noon, thus forming an almost practicable ramp from the ditch. While these projectiles were completing the work of destruction, the conical shells penetrated through the open casemates, striking in the vicinity of the powder magazine, the locality of which was perfectly known to the Federals. The timber blindage which had been placed over it was not sufficient to protect the fifty thousand pounds of powder which it still contained, and it might blow up at any moment. By prolonging the defence the garrison was therefore uselessly exposing itself to inevitable destruction, for the Federals were already examining the breach to ascertain if it was practicable; their launches were being got in readiness; the ditch would soon be filled up; and nothing could then prevent the assailants from landing on the island and entering en masse through a breach too large for the small number of its defenders. Consequently, Colonel Olmstead, who had gallantly done his duty, hoisted the white flag at two o'clock. It was precisely a year, to the very day and hour, since Beauregard had fired the first cannon-shot against Fort Sumter. The Confederate garrison, which surrendered as prisoners, consisted of twenty-three officers and three hundred and sixty men of the First Georgia; it had had three men wounded. Only one
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