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[232] man had been killed on the side of the Federals. On that very evening Gillmore hoisted the Federal flag over the walls which his guns had just battered. The capture of the fort, with the forty-seven guns constituting its armament, was not the most important result obtained by this distinguished officer. In proving that rifled guns of medium calibre could easily effect a breach in the thickest masonry, at a distance of sixteen hundred yards, he had caused the art of sieges to take a great stride in advance. The Parrott guns had as usual been uncertain in their aim; that of the James cannon had, on the contrary, been excellent.

When the news of the capture of the fort reached Savannah, where for the last two days the inhabitants had been anxiously listening to the booming of cannon, the greatest uneasiness prevailed; but the stockades supported by the flotilla, and by two forts which they had had time thoroughly to arm, constituted an obstacle which the Federal fleet could not well surmount. It did not make the attempt to force it, but contented itself with the possession of the lower waters of the river. The chief advantage it derived from the capture of Pulaski was the not having to blockade the entrance of the Savannah River in future, as the fort, which was promptly repaired, closed it effectually henceforth against the foreign contraband steamers.

Notwithstanding the reverse they had just sustained, the Confederates were fully determined not to permit their adversaries to approach Savannah and penetrate into the interior. They kept a careful guard over all the points through which the Federal troops stationed on Tybee Island might try to obtain a foothold on the continent. Thus it happened that on the 17th of April the Eighth Michigan, having been sent on a reconnaissance in the Wilmington canal, soon found itself in the presence of an enemy ready for battle. These troops had hardly landed from the steamers which had brought them when they were assailed by the Thirteenth Georgia, which drove them back at the first encounter. Fortunately for them, the Federals, being but slightly pressed, were able to rally, and even to repulse the assailants, and they hastened to re-embark, after having had ten men killed and thirty-five wounded.

The task of the fleet, however, and of the small detachments

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