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[254] between Pope and McClellan. The former was at too great a distance for him to go in pursuit of him by uncovering Richmond; the latter, entrenched in his fortifications, could defy all attack. But while waiting for a favorable opportunity to resume the offensive, the Confederate general was occupied in filling up the attenuated cadres of his army; the convalescents, recruited from the trials of the campaign, were returning to the ranks; the arrival of numerous recruits and regiments, withdrawn from all the small garrisons of the coast and the interior, swelled his army to ninety or ninety-five thousand men. Emboldened by this increase of strength, he kept a strict watch over McClellan, the latter being the more formidable of his two adversaries. He placed Hill's corps on the right bank of the James, Longstreet's in New Kent county, himself remaining in the neighborhood of Richmond with the rest of his troops. Fearful, however, lest Pope might attempt to intercept, at Gordonsville, one of the principal arteries which connect Richmond with the rest of the Confederacy, he resolved on the 13th of July to send Jackson with his old division, under Winder, and that of Ewell, to protect this important junction. Jackson arrived at Gordonsville on the 19th, but did not feel strong enough to attack Pope, and asked for reinforcements. Meanwhile, he remained on the defensive. His cavalry, while scouting on the Culpepper road, met that of the Federals at Orange Court-house and attacked it; but after a vigorous engagement the former was repulsed, losing fifty-two prisoners. Lee did not dare to reinforce his lieutenant, as he still feared an attack from McClellan; and his paramount object was to compel the latter to evacuate Harrison's Landing, or, at least, to prevent his resuming the offensive on the James; he was not aware what a powerful and unlooked — for auxiliary his designs had found in General Halleck. Finally, toward the latter end of July, seeing that McClellan still continued stationary, and knowing that Burnside had not left Fortress Monroe, he began to think that the main effort of the Federals would be directed against Gordonsville. On the 27th of July, he despatched A. P. Hill's corps in that direction, which joined Jackson on the 2d of August. In order to conceal this weakening of his forces, he ordered D. H. Hill to make the artillery demonstration which,

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