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[256] succeeded, not in interrupting but in embarrassing his march so effectually that Lawton's brigade was obliged to clear the road to protect the baggage of the Confederates.

At the first news of the crossing of the Rapidan, Pope had put his troops in motion, so as to concentrate them in front of Culpepper. They occupied the line formed by the Culpepper and Sperryville road; Siegel on the right, posted on the latter village, Banks in the centre, at the Hazel River Bridge, and on the left, at Culpepper, Ricketts' division with Crawford's brigade of Banks' corps. On the evening of the 8th, this brigade, which had been sent to support Bayard's cavalry, joined the latter at Cedar Mountain, seven miles and a half from Culpepper, on the Burnett's Ford road; Banks had reached Culpepper; Siegel bivouacked at Hazel River Bridge.

On the morning of the 9th, the two armies advanced toward each other. Siegel, after having delayed his movement for several hours, posted himself at Culpepper, while Banks proceeded in the direction of Cedar Mountain, followed by Ricketts at a distance of three miles. Jackson, on his side, presented himself with his first division, Ewell's, before the heights upon which Banks' corps had just joined Crawford's brigade. This corps, although composed of two divisions, Williams' and Augur's, only numbered about seven thousand combatants, so greatly had it been reduced by marching and fighting. Such, however, was the confusion which prevailed in the administrative department, that Banks was under the impression that he had from twelve to thirteen thousand men under his command. The orders he had received from his chief were not explicit; he was to take a good position, so as to hold Jackson in check, and attack him if he found himself strong enough to do so. But the remarks he had heard made by officers of Pope's staff had stung the old commander of the Fifth corps of the army of the Potomac to the quick. As brave as he was imprudent, he was longing to show to the officers of the army of the West that his soldiers were not afraid to measure themselves with the victors of Cross Keys.

Cedar Mountain, also called Slaughter Mountain, is a hill of considerable height, dotted with woods, and, running north and south, it dominates the whole surrounding country between Culpepper

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