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[258] Jackson began the attack. Early's brigade was ordered to open the battle by following the Culpepper turnpike, while Ewell, with his two other brigades, Trimble's and Hay's, was to gain the summit of Cedar Mountain, by making a circuit to the right, and from this commanding position to attack Banks' left in rear.

Early, deployed to the right of the road, was advancing across the wheat-field, and driving the Federal cavalry before him; but just as he reached a hillock whence he could view the whole of the enemy's line, he was received by such a lively fire from the artillery of Prince and Geary, that he was obliged to fall back and seek shelter behind the ridge of the hill. His artillery, soon coming into line, replied to the Federal guns; and although the losses were considerable on both sides, Early did not dare to resume the offensive. Winder, with Jackson's second division, was following close upon the first. It arrived in time to deploy to the left of the Culpepper turnpike, and somewhat enl potence on Early's line. Campbell's brigade was on the extreme left, in the woods opposite to that occupied by Crawford's Federal troops. Taliaferro's brigade, with three batteries on his right, was nearly parallel to the angle of the road, that of Ronald being held in reserve. Just as he was placing his guns in position, Winder was killed by the bursting of a shell. Evell, on his side, having completed his movement, opened a brisk artillery fire upon Geary, but did not venture to advance. The excellent deportment of the Union troops, who scarcely numbered seven thousand combatants, against fourteen or sixteen thousand Confederates, deceived Jackson as to their real numbers, and he continued cannonading for two hours without being willing to risk an attack, while waiting for the arrival of Hill.

Encouraged by such hesitation, Banks resolved to assume the offensive, and to charge the batteries, that were beginning to inflict severe losses upon him. While Green, being without instructions, remained stationary in the woods on the extreme left, under a murderous fire of artillery, Prince and Geary fearlessly advanced across the stubble-fields which separated them from Early's batteries. They would probably have succeeded in capturing or dislodging them if the first brigade of Hill's corps, under Thomas, had not come up at this very instant to the relief of Early. This

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