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 just appeared on the field of battle, and that general, after sending Thomas to Early's assistance, led the three brigades of Branch, Pender and Archer in person to the left to replace Winder's division in the line of battle. Jordon's three small regiments were broken and exhausted by fruitless efforts against these new adversaries. Banks, who had been constantly exposed during the battle, was obliged to take his line a little to the rear in order to concentrate his forces. Jackson then put the whole of his army in motion. On the right, Ewell, who had hitherto confined himself to a cannonade, participated in the movement. But once established on the ground which their opponents had just abandoned, the Confederates found the latter drawn up in excellent order along the edge of the wood. Jackson paused, and night coming on put an end to this sanguinary struggle. Pope had arrived in person at seven o'clock in the evening, toward the close of the battle; but Rickett's division, which followed him, did not reach the scene of action until several hours later. Banks having at first written to his chief that he did not expect to be attacked by the enemy, that division had been detained for a considerable time at Culpepper; its march was subsequently retarded by the narrowness of the road. It relieved the troops which had been engaged in the position they occupied, and prepared to repulse Jackson's attack on the morrow. But the latter had no idea of renewing the fight. The battle of Cedar Mountain had cost him too dear, and the check he had sustained was the more keenly felt, because he had engaged all his troops against an enemy far inferior in number. He, therefore, waited two days before sending an account of the battle to Richmond; and when he wrote at last to the Confederate authorities, stating that he had won the victory, he was on the south bank of the Rapidan, which he had recrossed with his whole army. His campaign was ended for the time; he found himself compelled to remain on the defensive until Lee should send him fresh reinforcements. The Federals, who had fought with great stubbornness, could therefore, notwithstanding the ground lost at the close of the day, consider the result of the battle of Cedar Mountain as an advantage on their side. Their losses amounted to fifteen or eighteen hundred men—that is to say, one-third of their entire force. Two of their generals
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