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[261] were wounded, and a third, Prince, had been taken prisoner. But these sacrifices had not been useless. Although their forces did not amount to more than half the number of their adversary's, they had held the latter in check, and compelled him to retire, leaving behind him two hundred and twenty-three killed, and bearing away one thousand and sixty wounded—a success which was the more creditable in view of the fact that this adversary was the redoubtable Jackson, whose troops had already passed through the ordeal of so many battles.

The vigorous demonstration which the latter had just made had nevertheless caused Halleck to feel seriously alarmed concerning the army of Virginia.

It was evident, in fact, that from the day when Lee should be unembarrassed by the vicinity of McClellan, he would be able to throw himself with all his forces upon Pope, who, in his advanced position on the Rapidan, ran the risk of being crushed before he could receive the slightest reinforcements. These considerations, which should have impressed him with a sense of the danger attending the evacuation of Harrison's Landing, determined him, on the contrary, to urge the speedy embarkation of the army of the Potomac. But as we have said, it took a long time to organize the means of transportation, and McClellan received a much larger number of despatches from Halleck urging his departure than of vessels to convey his materiel. Such an operation is at all times extremely complicated and subject to many delays; this had been experienced a few months before, when this same army was conveyed to Fortress Monroe by sea. At that period, however, McClellan possessed facilities which were wanting at Harrison's Landing. At the latter place the wharves were much smaller and less numerous than at Alexandria; the depth of water in the James did not allow vessels of large tonnage to come up so high; the general was no longer within reach of Washington, and had no telegraphic line to communicate with the capital; in short, instead of being able to superintend the transportation of his troops in person, he was at the mercy of two or three officers, who, having no concert of action, shifted the responsibility of their respective neglects upon each other, and of a general-in-chief who seemed too much

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