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[264] himself in his office at Washington; Burnside was made commander of Aquia Creek; McClellan retained the direction of the army of the Potomac; and Pope, as chief of the military department on the soil of which they were fighting, was to have temporary command of all the troops which these two generals were able to send him. Such an arrangement threw every branch of the service into confusion, made a division of responsibilities, and could not fail to result in disaster.

Reynolds, with three thousand men, arrived at Aquia Creek on the 21st, and immediately proceeded to join Pope. On the morning of the 22d, Porter's corps, which had been detained on the Chesapeake by stormy weather, disembarked at the same point, while that of Heintzelman was landed at Alexandria. On the 23d, Franklin embarked at Fortress Monroe, and according to instructions from Halleck also repaired to Alexandria. On the 24th, General McClellan reached Aquia Creek in person; and on the same day, Sumner, who had been delayed until then for want of transports, commenced at last to ship his troops at Newport News, and landed them in the afternoon of the 26th at the wharf where those of Reynolds and Porter had already disembarked. Keyes' corps was left to guard the extremity of the peninsula, between Yorktown and Fortress Monroe. Such was the distribution of the corps composing the army of one hundred thousand men, which had left the encampments at Harrison's Landing on the 16th. In the course of ten days the whole of it had been transported to the several points of disembarkation which had been designated; the dates we have given above show that, in spite of delays which could not have been prevented, this operation was performed with the greatest promptitude. Consequently, on the morning of the 24th, one-third of the infantry of the army were on the march to join their comrades of the army of Virginia, who were fighting on the Rappahannock. But it is the materiel and all the accessories of an army which require so much time for embarkation and debarkation. The infantry, which had taken up its line of march as soon as it landed, was deprived of this materiel, and of those indispensable accessories to all armies in the field; it left behind it horses and cannon, the landing of which had not yet been completed. It had, therefore, but a small contingent

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