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[272] McDowell arrived at Warrenton in the evening; but Siegel, following a direction parallel to the Rappahannock, was greatly impeded in his progress by the swollen streams he encountered at every step. He was therefore obliged to stop in the evening on the borders of Great Run, a tributary of the Rappahannock, all the bridges over which had been destroyed by Early, who now occupied its right bank. The Confederate general had passed the whole day in the precarious position in which he had been placed by the sudden rise of the waters. But Jackson had been so actively at work in the construction of a rude trestlebridge that communications between the two banks had been reestablished during the night. At daybreak, Early had again joined his chief; and when Buford's cavalry reached Waterloo Bridge a few hours later, the prey they expected to seize had escaped. The only result of all these manoeuvres, therefore, was the having caused the Federal soldiers to march for three days without intermission, sometimes in one direction, sometimes in another, leaving behind them their provisions and baggage and used-up men, and strewing the road with a long line of stragglers. Lee's soldiers, on the contrary, had all been able to rest for at least thirty-six hours; consequently, they were soon able to make good use of the strength which their leaders had so well managed to spare.

During the 24th there was the same difference in the position of the two armies, the artillery of which kept up a useless cannonade across the flooded river. The Federal troops were still continuing their forced marches; Siegel was massed at Waterloo Bridge; Reno and Banks, who followed him with difficulty, were, the former at Sulphur Springs, the latter between this and the preceding point. The two divisions constituting McDowell's corps came by a forward movement to place themselves in second line, that of Ricketts halting seven kilometres east of Waterloo Bridge, and that of King between Sulphur Springs and Warrenton. Farther back in the rear was Porter's corps, which had just landed at Aquia Creek, and having received no counterorder was marching up the Rappahannock to join Pope, whom he believed to be at Kelly's Ford. In an opposite direction, Heintzelman's corps, which had landed at Alexandria on the 22d, was also

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