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[273] on the march to overtake the army of Virginia. On the very day he landed, Heintzelman sent a portion of Kearny's division by rail to the neighborhood of Manassas. The next day the remainder of his corps, with a division recently formed at Washington, under General Sturgis, took the cars to follow Kearny. But Stuart's raid of the night previous had thrown confusion and alarm into the whole line. The trains dared no longer make their trips without an escort, and did not run beyond Catlett's station, the enemy's cavalry being looked for in every direction. To increase the disorder, one of the generals picked a quarrel with Colonel Haupt, the able superintendent of railroads, put him under arrest, and took upon himself the whole management of the service. Unutterable confusion was the result, and it was soon followed by an entire stoppage of the trains. It was only on the 24th that Haupt, who had been relieved from arrest by express orders from Halleck, succeeded at last in restoring order; but the necessity of forwarding supplies to the army, and the want of cars, which Pope had detained for the removal of his materiel, rendered it impossible to transport more than twelve thousand men a day by this line, and the night of the 24th-25th was far advanced before Heintzelman's corps and Sturgis' first brigade were able to reach Warrenton Junction. While Pope, providentially protected by the rise of the Rappahannock against the attacks of his foe and his own imprudence, remained at a distance of eighty kilometres from Alexandria and fifty from Aquia Creek, which the detachments of the army of the Potomac, scattered between these two points, and marching at random, had not yet been able to reach, so as to join their new chief,—the supreme direction which was to make these various movements tend toward the accomplishment of a single object was completely at fault. Adhering to his purpose of ordering all the movements of his troops by telegraph, Halleck himself had finally lost sight of the positions they occupied. To McClellan, who asked in vain for positive instructions, he replied: ‘You ask me for information which I cannot give. I do not know either where General Pope is, nor where the enemy is in force. These are matters which I have all day been most anxious to ascertain.’

Meanwhile, the Confederate army, massed on the right bank of

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