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[289] himself vigorously attacked, and it was evident that Siegel would not be able to resist much longer, when friendly heads of column appeared at last, and restored strength and confidence to his soldiers. Kearny on his arrival formed on the right of Siegel, leaving more than half his troops in reserve. Hooker, who followed him close, extended his line in the direction of Sudeley Springs, facing Hill. About this time Reno emerged through the turnpike, and, placing himself on Schenck's left, enabled him to contract his front. The extreme left was formed by Reynolds, who had arrived from Manassas.

In the presence of these reinforcements, Jackson merely kept up a brisk cannonade, with intermittent volleys of musketry; the moment for resuming the offensive had not yet come. In fact, the whole Confederate army was just then taking its positions. Lee had arrived at ten o'clock in the morning with Longstreet's heads of column, about the same time that Kearny was getting into line on the other side.1 At noon Longstreet's rear-guard reached the field of battle, and the whole Confederate army was united. It was at this hour also that Pope, who had until then remained at Centreville, made his appearance on the scene of action. The hamlet of Groveton is situated a little east of the turnpike and Young's Branch, which has already been mentioned in the narrative of the battle of Bull Run. Jackson's right rested on a hill in the rear of this hamlet. The arrival of Longstreet, who deployed his three divisions to the right of the road, made Groveton the Confederate centre, and the hill was occupied by several batteries commanded by Colonel S. D. Lee. Advancing his right wing under General Jones as far as the Manassas Railway, Longstreet drew up his line of battle at right angles with the road, by placing Hood's division, which formed his left, on the right of Jackson, near Colonel Lee's batteries. This line formed with that of Jackson an obtuse angle, which gave to the front of the Confederate army the shape of a very open V, with the vertex turned southward toward the enemy. The two branches of the letter, inclined to the rear, would represent the position of the two

1 The hour of Longstreet's arrival was the subject of violent controversies; but we are of opinion that this question has been set at rest without appeal by Mr. Swinton's critical investigation of it. (Army of the Potomac, p. 186).

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