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[292] in vain; he could not make these fresh and numerous troops falter. The contest was prolonged after sunset, and amid the darkness of the night could still be heard the shouts of the combatants and could be seen the flashes of musketry. Meanwhile, Porter had remained the whole of this long day in front of Longstreet's right without firing a musket; by some unaccountable delay, the order forwarded by Pope at half-past 4 o'clock only reached him at nightfall, when a serious attack had become impossible. Pope was not satisfied with blaming him, as he had a right to do, for having failed to move without formal instructions when the booming of cannon summoned him to Groveton, but sought to make him alone responsible for his disaster, maintaining that if Porter had obeyed his orders the day of the 29th would have achieved Jackson's defeat. Notwithstanding these accusations, Porter retained his command, and continued to serve his country usefully; but a few months later, when his friend and protector McClellan had been deposed, these accusations were taken tip with renewed asperity, and Porter was brought before a court-martial, which deprived him of his rank. Since the war the truth has come to light; the official reports of both parties have been published, and it is now proved that the tribunal before which he was tried had no knowledge of the existence of certain documents which would have exonerated the accused before passing sentence upon him; it is therefore proposed to revise this sentence in accordance with the formalities prescribed by law. However this may be, it is now known that the whole Confederate army was united before Porter could have executed the flank movement from which Pope anticipated such wonderful results, and that he had before him Longstreet's entire right wing, part of which only had been engaged against the Federal centre at the close of the battle. His attack, therefore, could not have produced the results upon which the general-in-chief had counted. But neither the impossibility of executing to the letter the order of the latter, nor even the instructions which McDowell may have given him during the day, afford any excuse for his having remained so long inactive in the presence of the enemy, with two fine divisions, while a great battle was being fought in his vicinity. In short, if the road he had to follow was barred against himif,

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