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[295] before, and now defended by Lawton. On his right the line of the railroad inclined toward the north, encircling a hillock which extended back of Groveton to a point above the main road. Jackson's third division, commanded by Starke, occupied the summit of this hill in front of the embankment. On this side the Confederate front had an extension of from twenty-five hundred to three thousand metres. Beyond the road from Sudeley to Manassas the Federals, posted across the eastern prolongation of the embankment, occupied a range of hills opposite to this front. The crest of the plateau by which the valley of Young's Branch is bounded on the south is intersected by three ravines, thus forming three ridges lying perpendicularly to the main road. The first, to the west, which is met at a distance of fifteen hundred metres from Groveton, was the one in which Colonel S. D. Lee had planted his batteries to connect Jackson's right with Longstreet's left. The second, lying less than a kilometre beyond Groveton, long, narrow, and destitute of trees, projected between the main road and the New Market road, and completely commanded the adjoining valleys; it was called Bald Hill. The third, a thousand or twelve hundred metres more to the east, on the other side of the New Market road, derived its name from the Henry House, which was on its summit.

Pope concentrated all his forces upon his right wing; Kearny and Hooker were massed at the extremity of the line; Reno took position between them and Siegel, who, also bearing toward the right, deployed north of the road, a little to the rear of Groveton. On his left Reynolds remained alone south of this road near Groveton, and consequently far in advance of Bald Hill. McDowell's two divisions were separated; Ricketts' went to the right to support Kearny; King took position on Reynolds' right, in advance of Siegel's line. Finally, Porter, brought back from the eccentric position in which he had remained inactive the day before, came to strengthen the centre, where his soldiers, fresher than their comrades, were destined on that day to play the prominent part. Thus, at the moment when all the enemy's forces, as they reached the field of battle, enabled Lee to extend his line, and when by his own left he menaced that of Pope the more, the latter, obliged by the reduction of his troops to contract their

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