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[300]

The Confederate army had paid dear for its success; it was too much fatigued to undertake a pursuit which the darkness of the night, the dangerous fords of Bull Run and the excellent conduct of the Federal rear would have rendered difficult. But the next day Lee set about gathering the fruits of his victory by menacing Washington. Such was, by a fatal concatenation of circumstances, the result of the alarms which at the decisive moment had prompted the refusal of McDowell's corps to McClellan. In consequence of his declining to take some risk at the opportune moment when the city of Washington had nothing to fear, Mr. Lincoln two months after beheld Lee marching upon his capital at the head of a victorious army.

Indeed, on the morning of the 31st, the indefatigable Jackson was again in motion. The Federal forces were united at Centreville. Lee ordered his lieutenant to throw himself once more upon Pope's lines of communication, being fully convinced that the latter would thereby be compelled to retire under the guns of the forts which surrounded Washington. Crossing Bull Run at Sudeley Springs, and describing a large circuit to the left, Jackson reached the main road, called the Little River road, which, on leaving Fairfax Court-house, branches off from the Gainesville and Warrenton turnpike in the direction of Aldie, westnorth-west. He marched upon Fairfax, and in spite of a violent storm reached the hamlet of Chantilly the same evening, where he bivouacked; he already found himself again upon the flank, and nearly on the rear, of the Federals, established at Centreville. Meanwhile, Stuart with his cavalry crossed Bull Run at the stone bridge, where he had an engagement with Pope's rear-guard, and was closely watching all the movements of the enemy. Longstreet crossed the river behind him.

The Federals, on the contrary, remained inactive at Centreville. They had at last obtained the provisions and ammunition they so much needed, which had been sent from Washington under the escort of Franklin's corps. The vehicles which brought them had been obliged to follow in the wake of the infantry for want of cavalry to protect them. It was necessary to distribute these provisions, to reorganize the corps, to rally the stragglers and those who had gone astray, who filled the woods and encumbered the

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