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[303] the captain of dragoons against the gates of Mexico. Kearny did not, perhaps, possess all the qualities of a generalin-chief-at least, he never had the opportunity of displaying them; but he was an admirable lieutenant. Vigilant, untiring, always ready to take the lead, he could not bear inaction. Battle was his element. When balls began to whistle, his eagle countenance (figure d'oiseau de proie) and clear eye assumed a resolute expression which inspired confidence in those around him. He was naturally fault-finding and caustic; but his high-toned mind and generosity of heart made compensation for the defects of his character. Frequently quarrelling with his chiefs, he knew how to make himself beloved by his inferiors, and was always true to his personal friends, among whom the author is proud in being able to count himself. Philip Kearny stands in the first rank among the most illustrious victims of this fratricidal war by the side of McPherson, Sedgwick, Bayard, Reno, Richardson and their gallant adversaries A. S. Johnston, Jackson, Stuart and A. P. Hill. His death created some confusion in the Federal lines; but darkness soon put an end to hostilities, reducing Jackson's success to insignificant proportions.

Pope, in the mean while, did not think he could maintain himself in the defensive position he had taken. The discouragement of his soldiers had at last invaded his own mind. The two armies of the Potomac and Virginia were finally consolidated under his command. But their numbers could no longer avail; for the bravest men in them had come to consider a new battle fought under his direction in the light of a useless butchery—a painful position for a commander-in-chief who had certainly committed many errors, but whose gallantry and activity could not be called into question by any one. Both soldiers and officers instantly clamored for their old general—the man who had organized them into an army, and who, notwithstanding his reverses, had never brought such a disaster upon them.

McClellan, in the mean time, was shelved (interne) at Alexandria, kept far away from the scene of action by order of Halleck; and although still nominally commander-in-chief of the army of the Potomac, he had scarcely two or three aides-de-camp about him. He had sent off his last orderly even to escort the ammunition

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