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[305] In fact, the order of September 2d, limiting his authority to the defences of the capital, was neither modified nor replaced by new official instructions when he led the army to encounter Lee. The duties imposed upon him at this critical hour did not allow him time to remonstrate against an omission, which was too serious, however, to be attributed to the confusion which prevailed in Washington. But if, instead of achieving a victory, he had experienced a reverse in this dangerous enterprise, would not his enemies in the War Department have taken advantage of the irregularity of his appointment to bring charges against him? The idle allegations which, at a later period, were made the pretext for deposing him give the impartial historian the right to entertain such a supposition.

However this may be, McClellan's only thought, on once more meeting his soldiers, was to secure them as quickly as possible the means of regaining their strength and their courage. He brought back each corps into the old position it had occupied during the long winter of 1861-1862. Porter and Siegel took up their quarters at Hall's Hill, McDowell at Upton's Hill, Franklin and Heintzelman near Alexandria, Couch in the vicinity of the Chain Bridge and Sumner at Fort Albany. If so many brave men had not failed to appear at roll call, one might have believed that the painful campaign which had taken the army under the very walls of Richmond was but a dream. In fact, everything had to be commenced anew; and, what was still more deplorable, this bitter experience would teach the Washington authorities nothing.1

1 The Confederate reports place the losses sustained by Lee's army, from the 23d of August to September 2d, at the following figures: Longstreet's corps, four thousand seven hundred and twenty-five men; Jackson's corps, four thousand three hundred and eighty-seven; total, nine thousand one hundred and twelve.

It has been impossible for us to find complete information regarding the losses of the Federal army during the same time. It is probable that the confusion which followed the defeat, and the promptness with which the army again took the field under McClellan, did not allow time to all the corps commanders to ascertain these losses with any precision. We have only those of Siegel, which amounted to one thousand and eighty-three men. As his corps was composed of only three small divisions out of the sixteen which were engaged during those few days, Pope's losses may be rated, without exaggeration, in the neighborhood of fifteen thousand men.

The battle of the 29th and 30th of August is sometimes designated by the name of Groveton. Although this appellation is more proper, we have retained the name of Manassas, which has generally been adopted by the victors. Some Federal authors call it the second battle of Bull Run; but we have thought it better to apply this designation exclusively to the battle of July 21, 1861, which was the only one really fought on the borders of that stream.

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