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[315] Federals on that side. Longstreet, who followed him, was directed to stop near Boonesboroa and wait, with all the baggage of the army, until the surrender of Harper's Ferry should enable him to resume the movement toward Pennsylvania. The divisions of Anderson and McLaws, under command of the latter, were ordered to leave Middletown, and to march rapidly by the road leading to Harper's Ferry around Maryland Heights, so as to arrive in time to seize those heights. Walker's division, crossing the Potomac lower down, was to occupy Loudon Heights, thus completely investing Harper's Ferry. Finally, Hill's division was to close the march of the army by falling back upon Boonesboroa through Turner's Gap. Lee thus divided his army into two parts: the first, composed of six divisions, invested Harper's Ferry; while the second, comprising four other divisions, marched in an opposite direction, upon Boonesboroa and Hagerstown. He argued that a prompt success would enable him not to prolong this dangerous separation. Harper's Ferry was to be surrounded on the evening of the 12th by such a large force, that he hoped Jackson would take possession of it the next day, and, starting immediately after, be enabled to join the rest of the army either at Hagerstown or at Boonesboroa on the 14th.

The condition in which the battle of Manassas had left the Federal army justified the bold manoeuvre of the Southern general. In resuming command of this army on the 3d of September, McClellan had, indeed, undertaken a colossal task. It was necessary to restore confidence to a discouraged body of troops, re-establish their organization, restore a vigorous discipline, reward some and deprive others of their commands, and all this transformation was to be accomplished in the midst of an active campaign, and in the presence of an adversary like Lee. The name of McClellan alone was almost sufficient to restore courage to his old soldiers. At the very outset he obtained that ready co-operation which Pope had sought in vain from his subordinates. The rest was accomplished whilst marching and fighting. In fact, on the 3d, to follow the movements of the enemy at a distance, the army of the Potomac began by crossing over to the left bank of the river in the vicinity of Washington. As we have stated before, the march of the Confederates toward the North no longer

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