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[330] Heights, driving McLaws' weak forces before them, and the defenders of Harper's Ferry, by joining this army corps, would have increased his strength by more than ten thousand men. But Miles seemed to be in haste to consummate the disaster, and hoisted the white flag before eight o'clock in the morning. Fortunately for him, he did not survive this disgrace. The Confederates, not seeing the signal of surrender, fired a few shots more, the last of which killed this unfortunate officer.

Jackson, leaning against a tree, was sleeping soundly when A. P. Hill, approaching him, shook him for the purpose of introducing the Federal general White, who had come to settle the terms of the capitulation. ‘Unconditionally,’ murmured Jackson, and immediately sunk again into a deep sleep which had scarcely been interrupted. The Federals were so utterly disorganized and discouraged that this answer was to them an order which they could not gainsay. Before noon the Confederates entered Harper's Ferry, and received eleven thousand five hundred and eightythree men as prisoners of war, with their arms and seventy-three pieces of artillery. Harper's Ferry was the counterpart of Donelson. This event did not have the same disastrous consequences to the Federals as Buckner's capitulation did to the Confederates; but if it did not involve the irretrievable loss of a whole State, it robbed them of the only opportunity, perhaps, of inflicting an irreparable defeat upon Lee's army.


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