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[343] debris of every kind. But in this victorious march he counted upon too easy a success. This confidence, peculiar to his character, and which gave him so much dash, deceived him regarding the importance of the advantage he had just gained. He did not summon Mansfield to join him, who had been held in reserve in the positions he had occupied during the night. Simply bent on pushing forward, he neglected to take possession of the heights, which gradually receded from the Hagerstown turnpike. He would soon have cause to regret this; for those heights, forming the boundary of the belt of woods which surround the clearing of Dunker Church to the west, commanded the new positions in which the Confederates have sought refuge. Stuart's horse artillery soon occupied the first slopes, and sufficed to hold Doubleday's division in check. On the left Ricketts had encountered three brigades under D. H. Hill, which he had detached from tile Confederate centre to support Jackson. In the clearing itself Meade, who remained alone, and was greatly weakened by the losses he had sustained, and the disorder that had introduced itself into most of his regiments, received a sharp fire of musketry as he approached the Hagerstown road. Jackson had caused Lawton to advance with the division he held in reserve near Dunker Church, to the relief of Starke. Posted at the edge of the wood, these fresh troops opened a murderous fire upon the Federals, who, being without shelter, halted and fell back. Lawton, perceiving some hesitation in their thinned ranks, at once resumed the offensive, supported by Starke's soldiers, who had formed again into line. The first line of the Federals was broken; but fortunately for it, Mansfield arrived at that instant to its support. Summoned by Hooker when he had met with such unexpected resistance near Dunker Church, this vigorous old man had hastened to the rescue at the head of his troops. It was seven o'clock in the morning. The reinforcement was opportune, for Hooker's corps was melting away visibly. Its chief, however, would not give up the hope of victory. He re-formed his shattered line, recalled Hartsuff to the centre, with the best brigade of Doubleday, and returned to the charge. He reached once more the edge of the wood; but there again all his efforts failed. Mansfield resumed the offensive—it was high time—and deployed his two

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