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[344] divisions in a semicircle in the centre of the clearing. On the left, in the woods adjoining it to the east, Green, with one of these divisions, attacked Hill's troops, who were sustaining the combat against Ricketts. On the right, Williams, resting against the Hagerstown turnpike, quickly crossed it, and tried to carry the woods and the hill which stretched to the west, in order to flank and thus take in reverse the defenders of Dunker Church. Jackson's troops gave way before this new attack. They had witnessed the fall of their two division commanders, Starke and Lawton, who had recently been called to this post of honor and danger, where the succession was very rapid. The first was killed, the second wounded. Many other generals and nearly all the colonels had also been wounded. Some brigades had left onethird, others one-half, of their effective force on the ground. Jackson's corps was annihilated for the time.

The Federal losses, however, were equally heavy. Mansfield had been killed at the beginning of the action. His two small divisions, composed partly of soldiers who had only enlisted within a few days, had already lost a considerable portion of their number on the march. Exposed to a very violent fire, they paid dearly for their success. On the right, along the slopes of the hill which commanded the wood, Williams had found wall fences, and in the wood itself ridges of rock, affording an easy shelter to the enemy's sharpshooters, and obstructing his march.

Lee, in the mean while, feeling all the importance of the struggle that was going on in that direction, and wishing to sustain his left at all hazards, did not hesitate to strip his centre entirely, and sent D. H. Hill with the rest of his division to Jackson's assistance. Hood, who had been held in reserve since the day previous, joined him, and these two generals resumed the offensive, Hood against Williams, Hill against Green.

The remnants of Hooker's corps were fighting in line of battle with Mansfield's two divisions, but before this new attack the Federals were obliged to abandon the open ground they occupied; they retired as far as the wood from which a few hours before they had dislodged Starke's division. Hooker was severely wounded and carried off the battle-field where he had fought so gallantly. Hartsuff and Crawford had fallen as well as he. The soldiers,

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S. Williams (3)
D. H. Hill (3)
Starke (2)
Hooker (2)
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Green (2)
Ricketts (1)
Mansfield (1)
S. D. Lee (1)
Lawton (1)
Hartsuff (1)
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