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[355] the Ninth corps, summoned Sturgis' division to his aid, and sustained the combat a little while longer; but his losses were increasing, night was approaching, and it was evident that the enemy would never allow him to reach Sharpsburg. Isolated, pressed more and more closely, he was forced to fall back upon the range of hills which border the Antietam and command the passes conquered a few hours before.

The Confederates contented themselves with following him at a distance, keeping up the fire with their artillery; and darkness soon brought the contest to a close. The battle of Antietam was ended. It was the bloodiest that had thus far been fought during this war. The Federal losses amounted to two thousand and ten killed, nine thousand four hundred and sixteen wounded, and one thousand and forty-three prisoners—all together twelve thousand four hundred and sixty-nine men, among whom were eight generals, two corps commanders and three division commanders. Those of Lee, compared with the number of his troops, were still heavier. He had nearly sixteen hundred killed, including two generals, Starke and French. His wounded numbered about seven thousand, without including those who had fallen into the hands of the enemy. His little army had been reduced by at least ten thousand men in that single day. He himself acknowledged a total loss of one thousand five hundred and sixty-seven killed and eight thousand seven hundred and twenty-four wounded, in the battles of Crampton's Gap, Turner's Gap, Harper's Ferry and Antietam. These figures do not exactly agree with those of his subordinates, which, for the most part, are a little higher. Lee makes no mention of the number of able-bodied prisoners left in the hands of the Federals; but Longstreet acknowledges one thousand three hundred and sixteen for his own corps, and D. H. Hill nine hundred and twenty-five for his division; McClellan says five thousand; they may, without any exaggeration, be estimated at three thousand five hundred, which, according to the account of the general-in-chief of the Confederate army, would make his losses for the five days amount to fourteen thousand men, four-fifths of whom, at least, were incurred during the last day.

These material losses, however, could be more easily repaired

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