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[359] not a single trophy of their nocturnal retreat in the hands of the enemy.

The next morning a portion of Porter's corps crossed the river in pursuit, driving before them Lawton's brigade, which had made a faint attempt to dispute the ford of Sheppardstown, losing some cannon in that affair. The Confederate army retired toward Martinsburg and the western section of the valley of Virginia. Jackson was to form the rear and defend the line of the Opequan, a tributary of the Potomac. Fearing to be too closely watched by the Federals, he determined to deal them an offensive return blow. At the head of two divisions, he surprised Porter on the morning of the 20th, whose troops had not all yet crossed the Potomac. Forming in two lines, A. P. Hill attacked the Federals in front, while Early formed an ambush in the woods adjoining the heights where they were posted. A charge by Hill, which the Union artillery failed to check, staggered Porter's soldiers, who, being finally routed by Early, gained the other side of the Potomac in haste, leaving a considerable number of killed and wounded behind them, together with two hundred prisoners. Jackson returned before night to take position on the Opequan. McClellan, on his side, occupied Harper's Ferry a few days after. The Maryland campaign was ended.

In the succeeding chapters, which will embrace the second part of the year 1862, we shall see what was the influence of this campaign on military operations in the West, and how the army of the Potomac acquitted itself in the East of the new task imposed upon it by the retreat of its adversaries into Virginia.

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