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[364] Confederate agent, he poured despatch after despatch into the telegraphic offices of Kentucky signed by his own name or that of his chief. We quote but one of these, addressed by him to the Federal general J. Boyle, who had been sent in pursuit of him; it was couched in these terms:

Good-morning, Jerry! This telegraph is a great institution. You ought to destroy it, for it keeps me too well posted. My friend Ellsworth has in his portfolio all your despatches since the 10th of July. Would you like a copy?

John Morgan, Commander.

Meanwhile, after cutting the Louisville railway track at Barren River, Morgan, leaving this line on his left, had reached by a long march a bridge adjoining Lebanon, on the evening of the 11th; he easily took it, and the next day surprised the small garrison of Lebanon, which he captured. Guided by the information obtained through his telegraph, he menaced at once the two important positions of Frankfort, the capital of the State, and Lexington; and passing between the two, he boldly pushed forward in the direction of Cincinnati. At Cynthiana he struck the railroad leading from that city to Frankfort, and after a brisk fight captured the Federal detachment stationed at that post, numbering four hundred and fifty men. The excitement was intense among his enemies. Even the State of Ohio felt threatened by this demonstration; but Morgan was well aware that the most propitious time for retiring was when he inspired the greatest fear. He had obtained all the advantages he could possibly have anticipated; the railroad tracks were cut, he had procured nearly three hundred recruits, reconnoitred all the weak points of the enemy and thrown his camps into confusion. He rapidly fell back upon Paris, Winchester, Richmond, Crab Orchard, Somerset and Monticello, picking up arms and ammunition on his route, and releasing the prisoners he had taken on parole. Finally, on the 28th of July, he again entered the Confederate lines, after an expedition in which he had not experienced a single check of any importance.

We cannot give the details of the partisan war waged in Tennessee by isolated bands fighting under the Confederate flag at

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