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[375] Middle Tennessee. He had escaped the pursuit of De Courcy's Federal brigade, which had come down Cumberland Gap as far as Tazewell; and, after a slight skirmish at that place, he had reached Knoxville, where he only stopped a few days, and then, pursuing once more a westerly course, he attacked Buell's left, and crossed the Cumberland in the vicinity of Hartsville without opposition. The Federals, being at length apprised of this bold movement, which threatened to cut the communications between Nashville and Kentucky, went in pursuit, and General Johnson, with about six hundred horse, overtook him a little beyond Gallatin. Morgan, finding himself too closely pressed, turned in his track, and the two troops, having dismounted, met between this village and Cairo. At the first onset the Federals fled in a disgraceful manner, leaving behind them their general and a handful of gallant soldiers, who defended themselves for some time, and were finally made prisoners.

Morgan, encouraged by this success, and learning that the Unionists occupied Bowling Green and Munfordsville in force, bore to the north-east for the purpose of ascending the valley of the Cumberland in the direction of Jamestown (Kentucky) and Somerset. By a still more eccentric march he thus covered the circular movement of Scott's cavalry, intended, as we have seen, to mask the expedition of Kirby Smith. Having accomplished this task, he again joined the latter in the plains of Kentucky, and continued to form part of his small army during the whole of the campaign we are about to describe.

Buell had at last discovered his error; but Bragg had already obtained great advantage over him. The Confederate army, after resting at Dunlap, had on the 28th of August crossed the first mountain ridge, known by the name of Waldren's Ridge, which separated it from the Federals, and had debouched into the valley of the Sequatchie; then, turning to the right, it had proceeded up this valley, and reached Pikeville on the 30th of August, the day that Forrest was put to flight near MacMinnville, and that Kirby Smith in Kentucky dispersed Nelson's division at Richmond. It was on this same day that Buell took up his march to cover Nashville. He was too late to bar the entrance into Kentucky against the Confederates. The capital of Tennessee should

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