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[382] of twenty-four hours, and the Federal columns only left Louisville on the 1st of October.

This was the day, as we said before, that Bragg reached Lexington. His army had also been reorganized; Humphrey Marshall, who had arrived from West Virginia, was ordered to collect the volunteers furnished by Kentucky, and form them into a division, which, together with those of Churchill and Heth, constituted Kirby Smith's corps. The latter transferred the troops sent to him from Chattanooga to the army of the Mississippi. This army was divided into two corps; the right, under Polk, comprised the divisions of Cheatham and Withers, the left, under Hardee, the divisions of Anderson and Buckner. These divisions were much stronger than those of the Federals; they were composed of at least four brigades, with an effective total of from seven to eight thousand men each. The army of the Mississippi therefore counted from thirty to thirty-five thousand combatants of all arms, while the forces under Bragg amounted to fifty thousand men at the utmost, comprising in this calculation the strong escorts necessary to protect the immense convoy which carried the fruit of his requisitions. The opportunity for attacking Buell was henceforth lost to him; and he was soon about to be himself menaced in the positions he occupied in the heart of Kentucky; but whether he should be able to maintain himself in those positions or not, it was necessary first of all to give his convoys time to reach the depots situated in the interior of the Confederacy, where they were impatiently looked for. The measures adopted by him led to the belief that he expected to be able to resist Buell, and to preserve the best portion of his conquest. The river from which the State derives its name afforded him an excellent line of defence. The Kentucky, after running from east to west as far as the centre of the State, turns directly toward the north, and passing Frankfort discharges itself into the Ohio. At the point where its direction thus changes it receives the waters of a small river, which also runs from south to north, the source of which lies in the mountainous country which separates the valley of the Cumberland from that of the Ohio. The shores of this stream, called Duck River, are steep bluffs, among which only two or three practical crossings are found. Below the confluence

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