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[391] of the preceding day. But the propitious moment had passed. Bragg, conscious at last of the danger he had made his army incur by dividing it in the presence of the enemy, had taken advantage of the night to retire. The combinations he had devised for the purpose of stopping Buell's progress had failed, but the success he had achieved over McCook's corps was calculated to deceive the Federals regarding the forces they had before them, and to delay their movements, thus giving the Confederates time to concentrate themselves to begin a retreat which had now become inevitable. The battle of Perryville may, therefore, be considered as a reverse to both parties. The attack of the Confederates paralyzed Buell at a time when his united army could have crushed them. They did not, however, realize the success they had anticipated, and the resistance they encountered made them despair of securing Kentucky.

On the morning of October 9th the ridge commanding the right bank of Chaplin's Creek was only occupied by a small detachment as a rear-guard. The three divisions which had fought the battle of Perryville, leaving behind them twelve hundred of their wounded and most of the cannon captured the day before, retired toward Harrodsburg, where they arrived at nine o'clock in the evening of the 9th. The next day they crossed Duck River and took position at Bryantsville, while Kirby Smith, recalled in great haste, brought his own corps and Withers' division to Harrodsburg on the same day. On the 11th the whole Confederate army was at last concentrated around Bryantsville.

After crossing Chaplin's Creek, Buell decided to wait for the arrival of Sill before attempting the passage of Duck River, and on the 16th he stationed his army between Dicksville1 and Danville, facing north-east across the roads from Macksville to Harrodsburg, and from Perryville to Danville.

On the 11th, Sill reached Perryville, after encountering the rear of Kirby Smith near Lawrenceburg. Frankfort had been occupied by Dumont's Federal division. The whole of Northern Kentucky was freed from the domination of the Confederate

1 There are two Dicksvilles—the one we speak of, which is situated on the road from Macksville to Harrodsburg, and another on the road from Harrodsburg to Bryantsville.

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