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[404] day for the sound of Rosecrans' cannon, to move forward. But the wind was blowing from the north; and like G. W. Smith at Fair Oaks and D. H. Hill at Malvern, he did not hear this uncertain signal, which the generals of both parties too frequently relied upon, and only engaged one battery, which was soon silenced. He was only informed of the bloody battle that had been fought so near him, in the middle of the night; and when he entered Iuka, he only met the advance of Rosecrans, which was just arriving from the opposite direction. Under cover of the darkness Price had succeeded in conveying the whole of his army to the Fulton road, at a distance of only two kilometres from the Federal lines, without being molested. But during their rapid march his soldiers, irritated by this new retreat, plundered all the houses they met, and the peaceful inhabitants of that country were bitterly to regret the sympathy they had shown for these rough Missourians, whom a few days before they had hailed as their deliverers.

Although obliged to abandon Iuka, Price had not relinquished the attack upon Corinth which had been concerted with Van Dorn. In order to carry out the plan agreed upon between them, the latter had already made a demonstration in the direction of Bolivar. The two Confederate generals needed, first of all, to bring their forces together. They met at Ripley on the 28th of September; Van Dorn, taking command of the twenty-two thousand men thus reunited, marched at once upon Corinth. This intelligent and enterprising general had skilfully selected the objective point of his campaign. The capture of Corinth would have opened to him the whole of Tennessee. Memphis would have been besieged and Grant driven back under the guns of Donelson, his first conquest. The Confederate soldiers, trained by long marches and sanguinary combats, and led by experienced generals, were burning with desire to avenge, in the city of Corinth itself, the humiliating evacuation of that place to which they had been reduced a few months before, and to seize the valuable stores which the Federal government had accumulated there.

After the capture of Iuka, Grant found himself without the means of pursuing his adversaries; he had been obliged hastily to bring back upon the line he was ordered to defend, the troops temporarily assembled for the battle of the 16th. Entertaining

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