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[405] fears for Bolivar as well as Corinth, he had divided the main body of his army between these two posts, entrusting the first to Ord and the second to Rosecrans. The latter, after collecting together all the small garrisons in the neighborhood, found himself at the head of nearly nineteen thousand men. The immense works around Corinth had been so modified as to admit of their being defended by this small force. This entrenched camp had been constructed in the month of May for Beauregard's army, more than sixty thousand strong; it had then been occupied and extended by the one hundred thousand men under Halleck. Looking upon the fortifications of that period as merely advanced works, Grant, assisted by an engineer officer, Major Prime, had surrounded the town of Corinth itself with an enclosure proportionate to the reduced figure of his army. These works consisted of redoubts connected here and there by breastworks more or less considerable, and covered by abatis at every point where the labors had extended through the forest. These lines, constructed in haste, protected the north and west sides of the town, which until then had been but poorly defended; the large works erected by the Confederates during the siege, on the contrary, were designed to protect the east side. The two railroads cross each other at the western angle of the town of Corinth. Two roads, running almost parallel to these two railway lines, follow them, on their left, as the traveller enters Corinth, one coming from Chewalla and Pocahontas, villages situated at the north-west on the Memphis road, the other from Purdy and Jackson, situated on the north. Before reaching Corinth, both wagon-roads and railroads cross Bridge Creek, which, as we have said elsewhere, runs to the north-west and west of Corinth, emptying finally into the Tuscumbia River more to the south; its west bank is commanded by several heights, upon which the Federals had erected two works, Fort Robinett at the north, and Fort Williams to the south of the Memphis railroad; these heights extended southward as far as College Hill, a hillock upon which stood a large college, and their summits were crowned on that side by three redoubts, Philipp's, Annrath and Lathrop, ranged in a semicircle. North of Corinth and east of the stream, the Federals had but a single work of any importance, the Powell redoubt,

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