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[407]

On the morning of the 3d the Confederates attacked the positions that Rosecrans had occupied a short distance outside of Corinth, near some of the old works. McKean, with the two small brigades of Crocker and McArthur, posted himself across the Memphis Railway; the division of Davies deployed on his right, between this railway and that of Jackson; farther to the right, Hamilton's division guarded the Purdy road; these three divisions were drawn up in two curved lines, the convexity of which was turned toward the enemy. Stanley's troops were held in reserve. These dispositions had been made in haste, because Van Dorn's alacrity had deceived the foresight of Rosecrans. He had thought that his adversary would be obliged to cross Bridge Creek under the guns of his works, in order to attack him from the north-west; indeed, at the time of the siege in the month of May, the forest swamps extending north-west of Corinth presented an insurmountable obstacle to combatants, but the heats had since dried them up. It was only during the night that the Federal general became aware that the Confederate outposts, by following roads unknown to him, had avoided this dangerous pass, and that, masters of the Purdy road and the line of railway, they were already threatening to flank his right.

The troops commanded by Van Dorn were composed of the two divisions of Maury and Hebert (the latter having replaced Little, who was killed at Iuka), which formed Price's corps, and Lovell's division, which Alone represented the army of the West in that expedition. This division led the march along a road lying south of the Memphis Railway. At some distance from Corinth, Price, who was following the same road, directed his two divisions upon a cross-road on the left, deploying them between the two railroads across the Chewalla road; Maury, with the two brigades of Moore and Phifer in line, and that of Cabell in reserve, rested his right upon the Memphis Railroad. On his left, Hebert, deploying the three brigades of Green, Gates and Mc-Lean, the fourth being left in reserve under Colbert, was drawing near the Jackson Railway; on the other side, Lovell had placed his three brigades in line, under the command of Rust, Villepigue and Bowen; his left touched the track of the Memphis Railway, and on his extreme right he was covered by General Jackson's

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