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[409] the absence of fortifications on that side, he would be able to break the enemy's line and penetrate into Corinth at the same time.

After their first check the Federals formed again in front of the second line of works. Davies occupied the positions he had left in the morning; Stanley's division was in the rear, a little to the right, so as to support him; Hamilton, executing a conversion by the left through the forest, was to place himself upon the left flank of the Confederates in the woods facing west. Toward two o'clock, Van Dorn's troops, having finally recovered from the confusion that always follows even the most successful attacks in a country that is so much broken, appeared in sight; Lovell renewed the fight against McArthur and Oliver; Hebert, in accordance with Van Dorn's instructions, joined Maury in his efforts to crush the Federals in the vicinity of the Jackson Railroad. Hamilton, who was at the extreme end of Rosecrans' line, was masked by the woods, where he was endeavoring to change position, and the whole weight of the charge of the Confederates fell upon Davies' division; its two brigade generals, Hackelmann and Oglesby, were struck down, one killed, the other severely wounded; it was losing ground. Stanley arrived in time to check its retreat, but the Confederates had still the advantage of numbers. Hamilton, delayed by the thickness of the wood, could not so soon complete his flank movement as to participate in the struggle. Although closely pressed, Stanley and Davies succeeded, nevertheless, in maintaining their positions until about six o'clock, when night put an end to the struggle.

The Confederates were victorious on this first day of the conflict, but Van Dorn was too hasty in announcing that he should be in Corinth the next day. In fact, his success had been dearly purchased; he had engaged nearly all his troops, and had not yet reached the principal defences of the enemy; he had, moreover, indicated to the latter on which side his defences required to be multiplied, and allowed him the whole night to do this. Rosecrans made good use of this time. Before daybreak the fugitive negroes then in Corinth had thrown up a new redoubt on the Bolivar road, which was called Fort Richardson; in short, the forest roads along the whole line were obstructed by breastworks

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