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[416] most pressing, for Rosecrans' attack was as yet but a remote peril. Consequently, after Price's two divisions had become engaged Lovell was also sent with two brigades to continue the struggle against Hurlbut. The four thousand soldiers of the latter were naturally unable to break the lines of such numerous adversaries. But these adversaries were not seeking to achieve a victory; as soon as Van Dorn saw his convoy sufficiently advanced on the road to Crum's Mill, he took back all the troops engaged in the combat at Davies' Bridge; the Tuscumbia Bridge, which had been guarded by a single brigade during the entire day, was burnt by Bowen on the evening of the 5th, just as the skirmishers of Rosecrans were beginning to threaten it seriously; finally, on the morning of the 6th, the Confederate rear was directed upon Ripley, after having crossed the Hatchie. It was time for it to place this obstacle behind it, for Rosecrans was following in its tracks as rapidly as possible, anxious to make up for the delay which had caused him to miss the opportunity to strike his foe while in a critical situation. After having deferred his movement till the morning of the 5th, he had mistaken the road and looked for the Confederates on that which runs to the north of the Memphis Railway; hence an additional loss of time, which gave Van Dorn a precious advance. The latter having found leisure to destroy Crum's Mill Bridge, the reconstruction of this large work was difficult, and the Federals only reached Ripley on the 8th; Van Dorn had passed through the day previous, and was henceforth out of reach of their pursuit.

Rosecrans, by Grant's orders, brought back his troops to Corinth. Three weeks later he was called to supersede Buell in the command of the army of the Cumberland. Van Dorn, on the contrary, severely censured by the Richmond government and the Confederate press, was deprived of the chief command. He retained the troops belonging to his immediate command, but General Pemberton, who subsequently acquired such unfortunate celebrity at Vicksburg, was placed over him. The campaign in that quarter had ended to the advantage of the Federals; they had obtained, not a doubtful success, as at Perryville, but a complete and decisive victory. Their military operations had been skilfully conducted. Grant with his small army had defended a

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