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 to attack the Federals in their camps at night. But his advice did not prevail, and the Sioux warriors decided that, to show their courage, they ought to fight the whites openly in broad daylight. Three hundred of them started on the 23d of September, divided into two parties, so as to approach the enemy's camp on two sides. They made a vigorous attack upon it, uttering savage yells and firing with great rapidity. But the Federals, who kept a good watch, quickly placed themselves in line to receive them. During two hours the Indians tried in vain to break their ranks in front, to turn their right flank, and at the same time to attack the rear of their camp; they were repulsed on every side; the numerical superiority of the Federals was rendered still more effective by the artillery. The Indians, who can display great personal bravery when they believe themselves to be the stronger, are easily discouraged. As soon as they found that their attack was of no avail they retired, leaving about twenty dead behind them, and the remainder of the tribe, declining to fight any longer, desired to treat. This success, which restored security to the frontier of Minnesota, cost the Federals some forty men disabled. But the march of Curtis eastward had not only exposed the Indian Territory to incursions of tribes hostile to the Federals; it was attended by much more serious consequences, of which the Confederates were not slow to avail themselves—the exposure of Missouri herself. Since the battle of Belmont this State had not been the scene of any important military operation. The evacuation of Columbus and Island No.10 on one side, and the battle of Pea Ridge on the other, no longer allowed the Confederates to maintain any regular forces there. But civil war was a spontaneous growth of the soil of this State. For many years the two parties had converted it into a political battle-field, and the entire population, extremely divided in opinion, was disposed to come to blows on all occasions, raising the antagonistic flags, not in a town or county as against another town and another county, but in the same city, in the same village, under the same roof. In the midst of such a community we can easily conceive how difficult and dangerous must have been the organization of militia; to enrol and equip such troops was to give organization and arms
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