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[472] of Churchill were only sixty killed and eighty wounded. The capture of five thousand soldiers, with all their officers and seventeen guns, amply compensated the efforts of McClernand's troops. His success was complete. The Arkansas River was opened and Hindman's army paralyzed by a blow which cost him the loss of an entire division, composed of three of his best brigades. Sherman wished to push as far as Little Rock, but McClernand was not willing to exceed the instructions he had received, and merely sent an expedition composed of light steamers with Gorman's brigade on board into White River. The latter proceeded up the river for a distance of about eighty kilometres, and again joined his chief, after destroying a camp of the enemy situated at Duval's Bluff, and several depots belonging to the Confederate army in the small town of Des Arcs. In the mean while, McClernand dismantled the works of Fort Hindman, after which he re-entered the Mississippi with all his forces. At Napoleon he found an order from General Grant directing him to return to Milliken's Bend; this point was about to become the base of operations which the general-in-chief was preparing to undertake against Vicksburg.

In coming pages we shall relate these operations, which occupied all the first half of the year 1863, but before leaving the Mississippi we must say a few words regarding the little campaign undertaken on the lower course of the river by the troops which occupied New Orleans. This campaign had commenced in October, 1862; its object was to extend the Federal authority over the fertile region lying west of the Mississippi. Taking advantage of the natural obstacles which it presents, the Confederates had maintained a few troops in it, which were in communication with Texas, and could at any time serve as vanguard to an army assembled in that warlike region to reconquer New Orleans.

Two large bayous are detached from the Mississippi below the mouth of Red River, and water the lands lying west of the great river. The first, called the Atchafalaya, has its source very near this inlet, and sometimes fed by new water-courses, sometimes becoming itself divided, it finally forms the large lake of Chestimache, in the latitude of New Orleans, whence it emerges to

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