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[480] the right wing, and was placed under command of McCook; the right wing, consisting of three divisions, remained under Crittenden, becoming, however, the left wing; finally, the left wing became the centre, and was increased to four divisions; McCook transferred the active command of it to Thomas, who had performed the undefined duties of second in command under Buell. Gilbert, who had previously commanded the centre, was instructed to protect the communications of the Federals in Kentucky with the tenth division. On the 30th of October, the day of Rosecrans' installation, the army of the Cumberland was stationed along the line of the Memphis and Louisville Railroad from Glasgow Junction to the famous intersection at Bowling Green. On the 4th of November, McCook took up his line of march with his army corps to relieve the garrison of Nashville, which was then seriously menaced. In fact, Forrest and Morgan, at the head of five or six thousand mounted men, were overruning Tennessee, and, counting upon the fame of their former exploits to worry their adversaries, were then both marching upon the capital of that State.

The raids of the Confederate cavalry under these two officers exercised so great an influence on the general conduct of the campaign that we must describe them in detail, to give a succinct narrative of the rapid and devastating inroads of this cavalry across regions into which the regular armies of the Confederacy could no longer penetrate; we will follow them without interruption till the close of the year 1862, resuming the recital of the battles which these regular armies had to fight at the same period in the next chapter.

The two guerilla chiefs, who had distinguished themselves with a handful of adventurers in 1861, were now each at the head of nearly three thousand mounted men, all armed with rifles, who could fight both on foot and on horseback. They had, moreover, several batteries of light artillery. These two small corps were perfectly organized and in a condition to rely upon themselves. We have already seen them at work preparing the preliminaries of Bragg's offensive campaign into Kentucky by means of audacious expeditions.

Forrest, whose soldiers had been sorely tried by the disaster of

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