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[481] MacMinnville, had not been able, like Morgan, to take an active part in that campaign. But the promotion to the rank of general had rewarded him for his brilliant exploit at Murfreesborough, and his band, increased by the volunteers, who were as much attracted by his faults as by his abilities, finally numbered three thousand men; giving his force the strength of an actual division. Meanwhile, the seat of war had been removed into Kentucky. Forrest remained in Tennessee; he overran the centre of that State; he did not, however, succeed in doing much damage, most of the small Federal garrisons, depots and convoys having been placed in safety by Buell, under the protection of the guns of Nashville and Fort Donelson.

We left Morgan in Kentucky, where, during the month of September, he shared the fortunes of Kirby Smith's army corps. When Bragg retired to the south-east, after the battle of Perryville, Morgan remained in that State in order to embarrass Buell's movements, and oblige him to weaken himself by numerous detachments. He acquitted himself of this task with his usual skill, its fulfilment being rendered very easy by the exhaustion of the enemy's cavalry. In fact, the Union armies of the West exhausted their supplies of horses much faster even than those of the East; and most of the Kentucky horses having been carried off by the Confederates, the Federals had been unable to obtain fresh supplies since their fruitless pursuit of Morgan at the end of July. They were not in a condition to cover both their front and flanks, whilst, through the connivance of the inhabitants of Southern Kentucky and Tennessee, the movements of Morgan and his lieutenants were wrapt up in the most profound mystery. It was to be expected, therefore, that they would appear sometimes at one point, sometimes at another; and, as it would have been too late to send reinforcements to the points menaced, it was necessary to place a small garrison at each important station and at every prominent railway bridge capable of resisting a first assault. This parcelling out of forces, which at times reduced the number of combatants engaged in regular operations by one-half, did not, however, secure to the Federals anything more than the possession of the ground which they occupied.

Morgan, therefore, who had full confidence in the mobility of

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