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[514] arrested for a considerable time the effort of Cleburne; but death was committing terrible ravages around him. The Federal guns, the gunners of which had nearly all been killed, were silenced, and he found himself obliged to yield ground. He led his brigade back in good order to the vicinity of a dwelling situated on a hillock and surrounded by fences, which had been converted into a hospital. The guns remained on the ground in the power of the enemy. Woodruff's brigade, placed on the left of Carlin, followed his movements.

The hospital presented a point of resistance to the Federals, of which they energetically availed themselves. From this commanding position they enfiladed Liddell's and McNair's brigades, which had ventured too far, inflicting upon them severe losses. Hardee, feeling the danger he would incur by extending his lines on the left, gathered all his forces to break down this new resistance. Cleburne, after joining Johnson, vigorously charged Woodruff's positions in front with three brigades, and then debouched into the Wilkinson road near the point where this road passes between two woods. The Confederates deployed in front of Sheridan's right and commenced an attack upon Sill's brigade; following the clearings, they turned one of the woods which covered the front of this portion of the Federal line. Whilst the combat was thus extending from the left to the right of the assailants, McCown had at last succeeded in executing his movement of conversion, and the two brigades of McNair and Liddell, turning north-eastward, marched against the hospital, around which the largest portion of Post's brigade had rallied. Everything gave way before such an effort. The hospital was captured, not, however, without great losses, and the whole of Davis' division was driven back upon the skirts of the cedar wood lying beyond the Wilkinson road. The brigades of Rains and Ector, which had the longest distance to march in order to accomplish the movement, had not even had time to participate in this new success.

It was a critical moment for the Federals. They had lost the entire part of the battle-field situated south of the Wilkinson road. Johnson's division, entirely scattered, rallied with difficulty far from the scene of action. Wharton's Confederate cavalry,

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