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[519] conformity with Bragg's instructions, who desired that the battle should be gradually extended from the left to the right. But this isolated brigade was received by a terrific fire, and the Federal artillery, excellently handled, caused such destruction in its ranks, that it was soon obliged to fall back upon Stewart's brigade, of the second line, which had just come to its assistance. One of its regiments alone, the Thirteenth Mississippi, out of a total of less than four hundred men, lost sixty-two killed and one hundred and thirty-two wounded. This figure will suffice to convey an idea of the losses sustained on both sides in these combats, fought between two woods and almost muzzle to muzzle.

It was nine o'clock when Anderson commenced the attack; about half an hour later, Sheridan, being menaced by Cleburne and Cheatham at once, fell back in order to secure a better position. From this position his artillery flanked a portion of Mc-Cown's troops, which had attacked his right wing. His shells, bursting in the rear of the Confederate ranks, gave Hardee to understand that he could not advance further without danger, and that, before following up his successes on the extreme left, it was necessary for him to overcome the formidable adversary who by his tenacity paralyzed the whole movement of the Confederate army. While bringing back his extreme left for the purpose of dislodging Sheridan, he requested Bragg to order the troops forming the Confederate centre to support him, and Withers received an order to attack the Federals posted in front of him with all his forces.

About this time, half-past 9 o'clock, the movements ordered by Rosecrans, for bringing the troops massed on the left into line, commenced. Thomas had posted Rousseau's division along the northern margin of the cedar wood, behind Sheridan, so as to support him in case of necessity. Van Cleve's division deployed on his right, between the wood and the railroad, and, still more to the right, was placed Harker's brigade of Wood's division, the latter general remaining in reserve with his other two brigades. The engineer brigade occupied the highest point of the strip of land through which the railroad passes in a cut. This important position could not have been entrusted to a body of troops more worthy to defend it. As a glance at the map will show, the new line

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Philip Sheridan (3)
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