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[523] road traverses; they allowed the soldiers of Johnson and Davis to pass through their ranks, who, being closely pursued by the enemy, finally reached the Nashville road, where they could recover from their confusion and re-form their ranks. The batteries of Rousseau's division were supported by Shepherd's brigade. The brigades of Beatty and Scribner, of the same division, extended to the left over the plain in front of the turnpike. In the rear of this line, and under its protection, Sheridan's and Negley's soldiers found that rest which they so well deserved. Rosecrans' left was formed by Palmer's division, which, having alone preserved its position, and facing westward, terminated the Federal line en potence. It rested on one side upon the wood which Sheridan, Negley and Rousseau had successively abandoned, on the other side upon Round Forest. Wagner's brigade, left by Wood to guard the fords, connected it with the river.

It was in the midst of a swarm of fugitives and unutterable disorder that Rosecrans and his generals succeeded in forming this line; Hascall's brigade of Wood's division had even been detained on the Nashville causeway because it could not stem the current of fugitives. As soon as the latter left the place free, the Confederates, invigorated by success, were seen emerging from the wood; although their lines were attenuated by the murderous struggle they had just sustained, they advanced in perfect order, entering upon this new combat with the confidence of soldiers accustomed to victory.

Whilst Cleburne was pursuing through the cedar wood the troops that Rousseau was leading back toward the position just described, McCown's division, having re-formed and replenished their cartridge-boxes, had taken on his left a similar direction toward the north-west. By following this course it would reach the centre of the clearing, which extended beyond the cedar wood in front of the dwelling known as the Burrows House. Hardee led it in person; he had asked Bragg to send him two or three brigades of Breckenridge's division as a reinforcement, and the general-in-chief had hastened to comply with the request, for the position of the latter division was in no way menaced. This reinforcement, which had been solicited at ten o'clock, could not reach Hardee before one or two o'clock in the afternoon, and in

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