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 duration, and of such sanguinary character as the New World had never yet witnessed. The Confederates had achieved a considerable success, which came near proving a decisive victory. Thanks to their courage, their perseverance, and the vigor with which they renewed the combat after each retreating movement on the part of their opponents, they had preserved the advantage obtained at the outset by their concentration, until their physical strength gave way. On the side of the Federals, Sheridan and Hazen had signalized themselves among all for their indomitable tenacity; officers and soldiers had exhibited the rare merit of not despairing of success during the most critical moments of the conflict. Their artillery had particularly distinguished itself. Operating under the most unfavorable circumstances, in the midst of dense forests where its field of fire was extremely limited, it had sustained terrific losses in men and materiel, but, as soon as it found itself once more on open ground, it had again displayed a superiority over that of the Confederates which it retained during this entire war, and which its opponents on this occasion were the first to acknowledge. Nevertheless, despite the failure of Bragg's last attack, the situation of the Federals was grave and alarming; they had left twenty-eight pieces of artillery, nearly three thousand ablebodied prisoners, a very large number of wounded, their camps, provisions, with a vast quantity of arms and ammunition, in the hands of the assailants. Wheeler's cavalry, which had been detached on the 29th from the right wing of Bragg's army, had struck Rosecrans' line of communication with Nashville in the vicinity of Lavergne during the battle. Repulsed by a Federal regiment, the First Michigan, which guarded the bridge at Stewart's Creek, it had reached the village of Nolensville, whence on the following day it again joined the left wing of Bragg's army, after having created the greatest consternation among the wagontrains of the Union army. It was not the only damage caused to the Federals by the enemy's cavalry; whilst Wharton was picking up hundreds of prisoners on the Wilkinson road, dispersing the convoys and destroying the wagons belonging to McCook's corps, Pegram, with a brigade of cavalry attached to Breckenridge's division, had crossed Stone River below the fords guarded by the
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