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[546] driven off by the fire of a few squadrons, and by one o'clock the whole division had crossed the river. It had scarcely reached the other side when it saw Pleasanton approaching in one direction, whose march had been retarded by the slow movements of the infantry and artillery, and in another direction a brigade which had left Poolesville since morning, and which had lost much valuable time on the road.

Stuart quietly encamped at Leesburg, and on the 13th he again crossed the Blue Ridge to rejoin Lee, followed at a distance by detachments of Federal cavalry, sent against him from Washington. He had not done much damage in the course of this rapid expedition, but had supplied his cavalry with fresh horses at Chambersburg, thrown alarm and confusion into the Northern States, and inflicted a serious injury upon McClellan by obliging his cavalry to make forced marches, which rendered more than half of his horses unfit for service. The facility with which the whole division under his command baffled the pursuit of the Federal columns showed, that in order to make an effective stand against expeditions of this kind, nothing but cavalry should be employed, and in considerable masses. Indeed, one thousand or fifteen hundred infantry were not too many to oppose Stuart's eighteen hundred mounted men, armed with repeating rifles. It was impossible to station such a force at each of the Potomac crossings, and yet, if a single one of them was neglected, the Confederate troop, swifter in its movements than its adversaries on foot, and more numerous than its mounted adversaries, would take possession of it before the former and in spite of the latter.

The pressing demands of McClellan for a fresh supply of horses for his cavalry subsequently to this affair increased the number of subjects of recrimination between this general and the departments at Washington. There were controversies on statistical questions; and efforts were even made to pick a quarrel with the commander-in-chief of the army of the Potomac on account of a mistake in figures which occurred in the transmission of one of his telegrams; it was sought to prove that he had more horses than he required. A large number had, in fact, been forwarded to him; he had received about seven thousand in two months, but during that time a terrible epidemic, combined with the prostrating

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