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[571] hundred metres above the angle of the river; on the other side it is only separated by the small ravine of Hazel Run from the chain of wooded hills to which we have before alluded, and which is a direct continuation of it. The second terrace projects toward Fredericksburg like a large fortification, for which nature has provided bastions and flanks. This terrace, which presents a front of twenty-five hundred metres, is divided into three almost equal sections by two slight re-enterings. These sections are called, the one at the north-west, Stansbury Hill, the one in the centre, Cemetery Hill; that at the south-east bears more particularly the name of Marye's Hill, which has become celebrated in America. At each extremity of this front the rest of the terrace turns in nearly a right angle, resting upon the second tier of hills, which commands it completely. On the Stansbury Hill side, the front is covered by a broad and deep lateral canal (canal de derivation), impassable without the aid of a bridge, which penetrates into the town of Fredericksburg. At four hundred metres before entering this town, on a line with Cemetery Hill, a large ditch, which carries off the waste water of the canal, detached itself from it, and running in a parallel direction with the Rappahannock finally emptied into Hazel Run. It was an obstacle that could be surmounted, although difficult, and which it was absolutely necessary to pass in order to approach the positions of Cemetery Hill or Marye's Hill. The road from Fredericksburg to Orange Court-house through Chancellorsville, well known since as the Plank Road, passes over the first terrace, following the strip of land which separates these two hills. At two hundred metres to the south, the road from Spottsylvania Court-house, called the Telegraph Road, follows a parallel direction across the plain to the foot of Marye's Hill, then, turning suddenly southward, envelops the whole hill together with the angle of the terrace, and, after traversing the rear part of it, ascends, on the other side of Hazel Run, a high hillock which marks the commencement of the wooded ridge whose undulations reach down to the Massaponax. On the summit of Marye's Hill stands the house of the Marye family, from which the name is derived. Thence a declivity of considerable steepness and entirely open descends to the Telegraph Road. This road, on the side of

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