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[582] right, and in ordering him to place troops within reach of those that were to undertake it, he ordered him to hold all his command in readiness for an eccentric movement toward the old Richmond road. This road follows the course of the Rappahannock as far as the Massaponax; after crossing this stream, it inclines southward in the direction of Bowling Green, thus turning the extreme right of the line of battle of the Confederates. Burnside's plan, therefore, was to capture the keys of the enemy's positions on the left and right with small detachments, so as to put his army on the march in two diverging lines immediately after, Sumner and the greater part of Hooker's grand division following the Telegraph Road, Franklin with the remainder of Hooker's troops that of Bowling Green. The two partial attacks were but the prelude to this operation, which supposed the adversary to be divided and surprised before he had time to collect his forces.1 On the morning of the 13th the two entire grand divisions of Sumner and Franklin were on the right bank of the Rappahannock. The former had placed Couch's corps (the Second) in Fredericksburg and the vicinity, fronting the terrace formed by the heights of Marye's Hill and Stansbury Hill; Wilcox's (the Ninth) was on the left of Hazel Run, resting on the banks of Deep Run, along the old Richmond road. Franklin had deployed Smith's corps (the Sixth) on his right, which extended nearly as far as Deep Run and occupied the slight undulation of ground between the road and the banks of the Rappahannock. The extreme left was formed by Reynolds' corps (the First), posted in front of Smithfield. Bayard's cavalry had felt the enemy's pickets the day before. The Confederates were found everywhere in force, and all the reports current through the country represented their positions in the woods as almost impregnable.

Everything, in fact, was ready on the side of the Confederates for the attack which had been expected for the last two days. Jackson's arrival had enabled Longstreet to close his lines on the left. During the afternoon of the 12th, A. P. Hill had relieved Hood in the works erected along the margin of the woods from Hamilton's Crossing to Bernard's Cabin; Hood had taken position on the heights between Deep Run and Hazel Run, in the

1 See Note F at the end of this volume.

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