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[583] place of Pickett, who was stationed at the foot of the hills between the second stream and the Telegraph Road. Ransom, who was posted on the Plank Road, considerably in the rear, advanced in order to reinforce McLaws' and Anderson's line, and sent Cooke's brigade to occupy the left of the stone wall, along the Telegraph Road between those two divisions. Taliaferro's division of Jackson's corps formed on the evening of the 12th a second line behind that of A. P. Hill.

D. H. Hill and Ewell had a long distance to march; they travelled the whole night of the 12th or 13th, and arrived at early dawn. Jackson placed the former in third line behind Taliaferro; Ewell took position a little obliquely on the right of the latter, resting his extreme right on the railroad, in front of Hamilton's Crossing, and consequently facing north. Stuart's cavalry extended beyond this point on both sides of the old Richmond road. This general had with him eighteen field-pieces under command of Major Pelham, a young officer who was as skilful as brave. Along the whole line the artillery was so disposed as to command the space which the Federals had to cross before they could engage the infantry. Forty-seven guns covered the most exposed part of the front of Jackson's corps, fourteen of which were on the right, along the slopes of Prospect Hill, twenty-one on the left around Bernard's Cabin, and twelve at two hundred metres on the right of the latter in an advanced position beyond the railroad, whence they could strike in flank any column marching toward the extreme end of the wood above mentioned. Most of Hood's guns occupied the summit of Lee's Hill, from which they enfiladed the Telegraph Road. Two large thirty-pounders, recently brought from the Richmond foundry, had been added to their number on the evening of the 12th, but they both exploded during the next day's battle. The remainder of Longstreet's artillery was distributed among the redoubts which crowned Marye's Hill, Cemetery Hill and Stansbury Hill. The Confederates had nearly two hundred cannon in line.

Franklin opened the battle. As soon as he received Burnside's instructions, he ordered Reynolds to take Meade's division and attack the position indicated, which nearly corresponded with the centre of A. P. Hill. The other two divisions of the same corps,

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