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[588] of A. P. Hill's, crossed in pursuit of them. The Confederates rushed forward with loud yells, throwing themselves upon the artillery, which was covering Meade's retreat; but at this moment Birney's division appeared upon their right flank, and by a well-sustained fire quickly obliged them to seek refuge in the woods, leaving more than five hundred men killed or wounded on the ground. Birney, crossing the railroad in turn, took possession of the thickets that lay south of this line and pushed into the wood, but he could not effect another breach in the position of his adversaries. Meade had suffered too much to be of any assistance. Doubleday was still extending his lines to the left in front of the Confederate guns, which had again been placed in position on Prospect Hill. Although not closely engaged, Gibbon, finding himself exposed without shelter to a terrific fire of artillery and musketry, had experienced severe losses and been himself wounded. The cannon-balls of the enemy were flying in every direction through the vast plain where the Federal reserves were seen in the distance; one of these projectiles, fired by a Whitworth gun across the Massaponax, mortally wounded the cavalry general Bayard while he was quietly seated at the foot of a tree. Full of dash and daring, trained by long campaigns against the Indians, Bayard had brought away a glorious memento of those wars in the shape of an arrow wound, which had left a deep scar upon his cheek; he would certainly have reached the foremost rank among the most brilliant chiefs of the Federal cavalry, and he died regretted by all his comrades. At two o'clock Reynolds was master of the railway line, but he did not feel strong enough to attempt to recapture the woods of which Meade had for a moment been in possession.

While the belligerents were thus fiercely contending for that portion of the forest which adjoined Hamilton's Crossing, the attack of the Federal right wing had been even more unfortunate and far more bloody. It will be remembered that Burnside's plan was to throw upon the Plank Road and Telegraph Road a column of equal strength with that which was to make the attack on the left, and that by this manoeuvre he expected to seize all the positions of Marye's Hill, Cemetery Hill and Stansbury Hill. The two attacks were to be nearly simultaneous.

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