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[597] help admiring. They had left sixty-three hundred of their bravest men, either killed or wounded, at the foot of that fatal hill; but there was not a soldier in their ranks who did not feel convinced that so much blood had been shed entirely in vain. The left wing had suffered less, and, besides, it had fought on more equal terms; yet, even in that direction, the officers, who had seen two divisions uselessly sacrificed in isolated attempts, severely censured their general-in-chief; and when their soldiers became acquainted with what had taken place on the right, they fully shared the sad impressions which prevailed in the rest of the army.

Burnside, however, was only thinking of another attack on the heights of Marye's Hill, and had already issued orders for a general assault. He wanted to lead his old corps, the Ninth, in person the next morning, formed into single column by regiments. But the counsels of all his officers prevailed at last; the bravest, and Sumner among them, implored him to relinquish so fatal a purpose. Visiting in their company the silent and fireless bivouacs where his soldiers were waiting for the termination of that long and gloomy night, he was able to convince himself of their sentiments, and to realize how much greater and more disastrous were the moral consequences of the defeat than the material losses which had marked it. Day dawned at last, and found the Federal army immovable in the positions it had taken in the evening.

Lee, who was expecting another attack, did not seek to provoke it. His losses, including those of December 11, amounted only to five thousand two hundred men, five hundred and ninety-five of whom were killed, three thousand nine hundred and sixtyone wounded and six hundred and fifty-three prisoners. It was less than one-half of those sustained by his adversaries, nor would this figure have been reached but for the battle between Hill and Meade; for whilst Jackson on the right counted three thousand three hundred and fifteen men disabled, the defenders of Marye's Hill and the whole ridge commanding Fredericksburg had only lost nine hundred and fifty-two in killed and wounded, while six thousand three hundred of their adversaries had fallen. The Confederate army was not only slightly weakened by its losses, but the easy victory it had achieved had inspired it with still

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